Understanding the LHDNM Tax Investigation Framework 2024: A Comprehensive Guide

On May 31, 2024, Lembaga Hasil Dalam Negeri Malaysia (LHDNM) released the Tax Investigation Framework 2024, a critical document aimed at guiding taxpayers through the tax investigation procedures in Malaysia. This framework is designed to enhance transparency and provide clear guidelines on the roles and responsibilities of all parties involved in tax investigations. This blog provides an in-depth look at the key aspects of the framework, its significance, and what taxpayers need to know to comply effectively.

Overview of the Tax Investigation Framework 2024

The Tax Investigation Framework 2024 is a comprehensive document that outlines the procedures and protocols LHDNM officers will follow during tax investigations. It serves several purposes:

  1. Defining Roles and Responsibilities: The framework clearly delineates the rights and responsibilities of LHDNM officers, taxpayers, and tax agents. This ensures that all parties understand their roles during an investigation, reducing the potential for misunderstandings and disputes.

  2. Assisting Taxpayers in Compliance: By providing detailed guidance, the framework helps taxpayers understand how to fulfill their tax responsibilities correctly. This includes what to expect during an investigation and how to prepare for it.

  3. Informing About Applicable Laws: The framework educates taxpayers on the legal aspects of tax investigations. It includes references to the relevant laws and regulations that govern tax compliance in Malaysia.

Key Components of the Framework

1. Rights and Responsibilities

The framework outlines specific rights and responsibilities for both LHDNM officers and taxpayers:

  • LHDNM Officers: Must conduct investigations professionally and ethically, respecting taxpayers’ rights. They are responsible for ensuring that investigations are carried out fairly and in accordance with the law.
  • Taxpayers: Are expected to cooperate fully during investigations, providing accurate and timely information as requested. They have the right to be informed about the investigation process and to seek clarification on any aspect of the investigation.

2. Investigation Procedures

The framework provides a step-by-step guide to the tax investigation process:

  • Initiation of Investigation: Describes how and why an investigation might be initiated, including potential triggers such as discrepancies in tax filings or reports of non-compliance.
  • Conduct of Investigation: Details the procedures that LHDNM officers will follow, including interviews, document reviews, and site visits.
  • Resolution and Follow-Up: Explains how investigations are concluded, including the issuance of findings and any subsequent actions required from the taxpayer.

3. Legal References

The framework includes comprehensive references to Malaysian tax laws, helping taxpayers understand the legal context of investigations. This includes the Income Tax Act, 1967, and other relevant regulations.

Preparing for a Tax Investigation

To comply effectively with the Tax Investigation Framework 2024, taxpayers should take several preparatory steps:

1. Maintain Accurate Records

Keeping detailed and accurate financial records is crucial. This includes all income, expenses, and tax-related documents. Proper record-keeping helps ensure that all necessary information is readily available during an investigation.

2. Understand Your Rights

Taxpayers should familiarize themselves with their rights under the framework. Knowing what to expect and what is required can help reduce anxiety and ensure a smoother investigation process.

3. Seek Professional Advice

Engaging a qualified tax agent or advisor can provide valuable assistance. Professionals can help interpret the framework, prepare the necessary documentation, and represent the taxpayer’s interests during the investigation.

4. Cooperate Fully

Full cooperation with LHDNM officers is essential. This includes responding promptly to requests for information and allowing access to necessary documents and records.


The LHDNM Tax Investigation Framework 2024 is a pivotal document that enhances the transparency and efficiency of tax investigations in Malaysia. By clearly outlining the roles and responsibilities of all parties involved, it ensures that investigations are conducted fairly and effectively. Taxpayers can benefit from understanding and adhering to the guidelines provided in the framework, ensuring compliance and minimizing potential issues during an investigation.

For more detailed information, you can access the full framework here.

By staying informed and prepared, taxpayers can navigate the complexities of tax investigations with confidence and clarity, ensuring compliance and contributing to the overall integrity of the tax system in Malaysia.

For more detailed information on the technical announcement, you can subscribe to our blog page.

Schedule A Demo

Schedule A Demo